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Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children – Part I

This list is neither exhaustive nor incontestable, but it does capture many highlights in the course of literacy acquisition that have been revealed through several decades of research. Of course, the timing of these accomplishments will to some extent depend on maturational and experiential differences among children.

Birth to Three-Year-Old Accomplishments

  • ¬†recognizes specific books by cover
  • pretends to read books
  • understands that books are handled in particular ways
  • enters into a book-sharing routine with primary caregivers
  • vocalization play in crib gives way to enjoyment of rhyming language, nonsense word play, etc
  • labels objects in books
  • comments on characters in books
  • looks at picture in book and realize it is a symbol for real object
  • listens to stories
  • requests/commands adult to read or write
  • may begin attending to specific print, such as letters in names
  • uses increasingly purposeful scribbling
  • occasionally seems to distinguish between drawing and writing
  • produces some letter-like forms and scribbles with some features of English writing

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